De Horsten Royal Estates
De Horsten Royal Estates have been the property of the royal family since 1845.
De Horsten Royal Estates have belonged to the House of Orange
since 1845. In 1838 Prince Frederik, the second son of King Willem
I, bought two of the three hursts (wooded areas) which comprise the
estate: Raephorst and Ter Horst. In 1845 he purchased the final
hurst (or horst in Dutch), Eikenhorst. Prince Frederik made Huize
de Paauw on the Raephorst estate his summer residence. Since 1925
Huize de Paauw has been Wassenaar's town hall.
When the Prince died in 1881, his daughter Marie von Wied inherited De Horsten Estates. Seventeen years later, Queen Wilhelmina purchased the property. The Queen was fond of the estates' lush greenery and would often paint there. After Wilhemina's death in 1962, the property passed to Queen Juliana.
After purchasing the property in 1838, Prince Frederik commissioned the landscape architects Petzold and Zocher (the designer of Amsterdam's Vondel Park) to redesign the estates. They laid out De Horsten in the English landscape style, which was very much in vogue at the time.
Villa Eikenhorst, which is located on De Horsten Royal Estates in Wassenaar, is the home of King Willem-Alexander, Queen Máxima and their three daughters. At some point in the future the family will move to Huis ten Bosch Palace in The Hague.
Villa Eikenhorst was built between 1985 and 1987 by the architect J.B. Baron van Asbeck for Princess Christina, Queen Beatrix's youngest sister. Baron van Asbeck was also responsible for the restoration of Het Loo Palace in the 1970s.
The inspiration for Villa Eikenhorst was a 17th-century farmhouse of the same name that once stood not far from the site of the present villa. Princess Christina's family lived at Villa Eikenhorst until 1996. Following renovation of the property, King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima moved into Eikenhorst, where they have lived since 2003.